Why Venezuelans are protesting

The automaker shut down operations in Venezuela after authorities authorities seized considered one of its vegetation there Wednesday.

Venezuelan officers have not responded to CNN on why the plant was seized.

GM (GM) is simply the newest main multinational firm to report large issues from operations in Venezuela. The nation is within the midst of weeks of bloody protests by its residents demanding a change of presidency after years of political turmoil and a extreme financial disaster.

In 2015, Pepsi (PEP) took a large $1.4 billion loss from its enterprise in Venezuela, citing the nation’s plummeting foreign money and political mess. On the time, Pepsi mentioned it is going to not depend its Venezuela enterprise in its general revenues.

Related: Venezuela’s protests: What you need to know

Mondelez (MDLZ), maker of Oreos, wrote off its Venezuela enterprise after taking nearly a $800 million loss final yr. Though it sells Oreos and different merchandise in Venezuela, it would not depend that enterprise in its general operations.

McDonald’s (MCD) nonetheless operates in Venezuela, however within the final two years it is needed to briefly halt gross sales of french fries and Big Macs due to food shortages.

Delta (DAL), American (AAL), United (UAL) and different airways are collectively nonetheless attempting to claw again $three.eight billion in earnings frozen in Venezuela. These airways, together with Lufthansa, Alitalia and LATAM, both drastically lowered flights to Venezuela or stopped flying there completely.

Coca-Cola (KO) has recorded a number of losses in recent times from its Venezuela enterprise, and it briefly halted manufacturing there final yr as a consequence of an absence of sugar provide within the nation. But it surely nonetheless operates there.

Venezuela is house to the world’s largest oil reserves. That used to draw oil service suppliers like Baker Hughes (BHI) and Schlumberger (SLB). However prior to now yr, they’ve shut down among the rigs that dredge up Venezuela’s oil, citing unpaid payments from the federal government. It is a main cause why Venezuela’s important oil manufacturing is in sharp decline.

Almost 10% of U.S. corporations within the S&P 500 — 46 companies — have had publicity at one level since 2015 to Venezuela’s plunging foreign money, the bolivar, which is price lower than one penny now. IBM (IBM, Tech30), Oracle (ORCL, Tech30), DirecTV (DIRV), GE (GE), and Ford (F) are amongst companies which have talked about at one level publicity to Venezuela in earnings stories and lots of of them have stopped counting any income from Venezuela.

Related: 3 killed during anti-government protest in Venezuela

The company exodus is just one thread of a rustic in disaster mode. On Wednesday, three people died in nationwide protests towards President Nicolas Maduro.

Protests have ramped up in latest weeks after Maduro’s administration barred popular opposition leader Henrique Capriles from holding any political workplace for 15 years.

Because of the financial disaster, Venezuelans proceed to reside by food and medical shortages, together with skyrocketing prices for fundamentals which might be out there. Meals imports fell 50% final yr, which is a catastrophe in a rustic that grows little of its personal meals, after years of the federal government neglecting the nation’s huge agricultural sources.

–Rafael Romo, Marilia Brocchetto, Osmary Hernandez, Ray Sanchez, Mariano Castillo and Alanna Petroff contributed reporting.

CNNMoney (New York) First revealed April 20, 2017: 10:21 AM ET